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Values of lemon orange

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LEMON, Citrus limon (L.) Osbeck, is a species of small evergreen tree in the flowering plant family Rutaceae, native to South Asia, primarily North eastern India.

The tree’s ellipsoidal yellow fruit is used for culinary and non-culinary purposes throughout the world, primarily for its juice, which has both culinary and cleaning uses.

The pulp and rind (zest) are also used in cooking and baking. The juice of the lemon is about 5% to 6% citric acid, with a pH of around 2.2, giving it a sour taste.

The distinctive sour taste of lemon juice makes it a key ingredient in drinks and foods such as lemonade and lemon meringue pie.

Family name: Rutaceae

Botanical name: Citrus Limon

English name: Lemon

Igbo name: Oloma ogbe

Hausa name: Leemu

Yoruba name: Osan orombo nla

Description: This is a small spiny tree with narrow ovate, light green leaves, 5-10cmlong. Pale purple-budded, fragrant, white flowers, 4-5cm across, appear in spring and summer, followed by ovoid yellow fruits, 5-15cm long, containing very sour pulp.

Parts used: Fruits, juice, peel and oil

Chemical constituents: Anti-inflammatory, aromatic, diuretic.

Action: A bitter, aromatic, cooling herb that has diuretic and anti-inflammatory effects and improves peripheral circulation.

Medicinal Uses

  1. It is internally used for varicose veins and haemorroids.
  2. It is also used to treat kidney stones, feverish illness and bronchial congestion.
  3. Juice taken with hot water (in addition to honey, garlic and cinnamon) for cold and flu).
  4. It is also used to treat eczema, chilblains and sunburn.
  5. It serves as antidote for poisonous stings, and as a gargle for sore throats.
  6. Essentials oil is used to treat mouth-ulcers.

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