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Lyme disease: What everyone should know about tick bite

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YME disease is an infectious disease caused by the bacteria Borrelia burgdorfen . Burgdorfen is transmitted to humans by a bite from an infected black-legged or deer tick. Many people with Lyme disease have no memory of a tick bite. The tick becomes infected after feeding on infected deer, birds, or mice.

  Healthline Editorial team and Laura Goldman reported a medical review by Cameron White on November 12, 2019.

In  that report,  they said  that a  tick  stays on the skin for at least 36 hours to transmit the infection.

  People with domesticated animals that visit wooded areas  have a higher risk of getting Lyme disease. People who live or spend time in wooded areas known for transmission of the disease are more likely to get this illness. People with Lyme disease may react to it differently, and the symptoms can vary in severity.

  It was reported that Lyme disease was first recognized in t 1975 in the town of Old Lyme, Connecticut. . It’s the most common tickborne illness in Europe and the United States.

  A  researcher,  Cameron White  wrote that  Lyme disease is  divided into three stages — early localized, early disseminated, and late disseminated  and the symptoms can overlap. Some people who have the disease may not know,  the  symptoms may not appear early. 

  Symptoms of Lyme disease: include a flat, circular  rash that looks like a red oval or bull’s-eye anywhere on  the patient’s body, fatigue,  joint pain and swelling,  muscle aches,  headache. fever,  swollen lymph nodes, sleep disturbances,  difficulty  concentrating. Cameron White advised that as soon as any of the above symptoms is noticed,  the person should contact his or her doctor.

  Lyme disease,  the report  stated,  does not occur only in adults. Children generally experience the same Lyme disease symptoms as adults.

  These symptoms may occur soon after the infection, or months or years later.

  A medical practitioner,  Christian Okeke said that Lyme disease treatment could be treated.  He said  Lyme disease is best treated in the early stages. Treatment for early localized disease is a simple 10- to 14-day course of oral and intravenous  antibiotics to eliminate the infection.

  He said that If  a patient is treated for Lyme disease with antibiotics  and continue s o experience symptoms,. It is referred to as post Lyme disease syndrome or post-treatment Lyme disease syndrome.

  According to a 2016 article published in the New England Journal of Medicine. about 10 to 20 percent of people with  Lyme disease experience this  post Lyme disease syndrome, and the cause is unknown.

  The article  said that Post-Lyme disease syndrome can affect  the patient’s  mobility and cognitive skills. Treatment is primarily focused on easing pain and discomfort. Most people recover, but it can take months or years.

  The symptoms of post Lyme disease syndrome are similar to those that occur in the earlier stages.

  These symptoms are the same  with that of the Lyne disease with a slight difference. There is also difficulty concentrating,  short-term memory  and speech  problems.

  One may ask if  Lyme disease is  contagious.  Centres for Disease  Control  and Prevention  Trusted Source said that there is no evidence that Lyme disease is contagious between people. It said that  pregnant women cannot transmit the disease to their fetus through their breast milk.

  Lyme disease is an infection caused by bacteria transmitted by blacklegged deer ticks. These bacteria are found in bodily fluids, but there’s no evidence that Lyme disease can be spread to another person through sneezing, coughing, or kissing.

  There is also no evidence that Lyme disease can be sexually transmitted or transmitted through a blood transfusion.

  Lyme disease could be  prevented  by decreasing  the  risk of experiencing a tick bite.. Tick bites could be prevented by wearing  long  pants and long sleeve shirts when outside,  make  your surroundings unfriendly to ticks by clearing wooded areas, keeping underbrush to a minimum, and putting woodpiles in areas with lots of sun. Use insect repellent. Oil of lemon  eccalyplus gives  protection but shouldn’t be used on children under the age of 3 years old.

  Be vigilant. Check your children, pets, and yourself for ticks.

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